How to Rent a House With Bad Credit
When you have a poor credit score, certain things may feel out of reach, such as renting a home. But it's possible to rent a house or apartment with bad credit.
But, if pulling credit reports and examining credit scores are some of the first things a property owner checks, how do you get past poor credit history to live in your dream home? Here's a look at how to rent a house with bad credit so you can start apartment hunting.
The causes of bad credit
Low credit scores or negative credit history aren't always a result of doing something wrong. Sometimes, you're simply not doing enough. It can get complicated, but even if you pay all your bills on time, you can still have a low credit score and a bad credit report for a variety of reasons:
- Too much credit usage: This happens when your credit card balances are high. Even if you're paying them down each month, you're still carrying a high balance, and that can result in a bad credit score.
- Missed payments: Unpaid debt or late payments for utility, credit card or other bills can affect your credit report more than anything.
- Too many credit applications: With each application for a credit card or loan, you can lose a few credit score points.
- Short credit history: If most of your credit accounts are new, that could negatively affect your credit.
While a few other issues can bring your credit score down, these are the most likely culprits. If you think your score is lower than it should be, make sure none of these issues are lurking in your credit history, and be sure to double-check your credit report.
What is the lowest credit score to rent a house?
If each ding can impact your credit score, what tips the scale into a “bad" rating? The answer varies based on what you're trying to do and who's checking your credit. To rent an apartment or house, individual landlords have different definitions for what constitutes good credit and will check your credit report. Simply ask to find out exactly what they're looking for.
Consider the averages that can help you know whether you'll need to take a few extra steps going into the rental approval process, like having someone to co-sign or putting up a higher security deposit.
When you check your credit report, the minimum credit score to look good to a property manager is at least 600, according to Experian, one of the three credit bureaus. However, a universally good credit score hovers around 700 or higher. Exceptional scores go up to 850, so there's plenty of room for improvement.
If life events cause you to have a poor credit score, don't fear. Finding a rental property with a poor credit score is possible. You may just need to take a few extra steps in proving your financial stability.
Prove your reliability
You can't hide what's on your credit report from the credit bureaus, no matter how bad it is. A property manager will find out anyway when they do a credit check, so get ahead of the issue by being honest and upfront. Tell them your credit score, but immediately follow up with how you're improving your financial situation and on a credit repair mission. This will make a strong impression.
If a financial setback took down your credit, bring proof of how you're working to make it better. Show that you have stable employment. Bring statements of bills that you've paid off over the last few months and offer to pay a larger deposit. Showing you're working to overcome your credit history can help ease the landlord's concerns before they do a credit check and review your bad credit report.
Tout your rental history to overshadow your credit report
If you have a previous landlord, whether it's a large property management company or an individual landlord, ask them to provide a reference showing your spotless rental history. This will go a long way with a new potential landlord, in addition to your credit report, to help you rent an apartment or other home. Ask previous landlords to mention:
- Your payment history
- How well you took care of the rental unit
- That you followed the rental agreement
- That you worked well with property management
- That you were a great neighbor to others in rental units
Generally, the opinion and recommendation of a former landlord will show that you have a good rental history. That can carry weight even when someone runs a credit check.
Find a trusted co-signer or roommate
When you fill out a rental application, you should always bring certain documents to help with the screening process and credit check like:
- Recent pay stubs to prove a stable income
- A reference letter
- Tax returns
- Bank account statements
But what about bringing along an extra person? Some individual landlords may require a co-signer, which is a trusted friend or family member who promises to pay rent if you can't. This is just as valuable when renting a home when your credit history isn't great.
A co-signer helps put your credit score up in the good range, but be sure that they agree and understand what would happen if you do end up needing their help to pay rent.
Another option is adding a roommate. This not only provides another person to cover the monthly rent but can also introduce a higher credit score into the application process.
Additionally, if a property manager is OK with just one person signing the lease, and your roommate has a higher credit score, you've solved the problem of bad credit entirely (at least on paper).
Make some financial concessions to overcome bad credit reports
You know the saying “money talks?" Well, it does, even when you're renting a home. For property owners who are hesitant to rent to you because of a low credit score, quiet their nerves with more money. Offer extra rent payments up front or agree to pay a higher security deposit.
You can even offer to pay a little extra in rent each month across the term of your lease. The extra rent and larger security deposit will instill confidence in an individual landlord during the screening process. The security deposit will likely be refunded at the end of a lease term if you pay your rent on time, follow the lease agreement and don't cause any property damage.
It also helps if you offer to pay rent online through a service like RentPay. This way, the property manager doesn't have to worry that your check will bounce or that payments will be late. Giving them the assurance of regular payments can help build confidence taken away by a bad credit score.
Avoid credit history checks
As part of the rental process, a property manager will likely want to check credit. But, you can simply look for properties that don't require credit checks at all. You'll have a much shorter list of possibilities, but browse listings online or in a local newspaper or talk to a real estate agent to find properties that don't require a credit check.
In these instances, it's extra important to make sure everything feels legal and proper and that you're signing a lease that makes sense. You can always ask an attorney to review the lease agreement to make sure you're not unknowingly taking on extra responsibility.
Renting a house with bad credit
Yes, bad credit can make it harder to rent a home, but it doesn't have to stop you in your tracks. Armed with the right evidence that you're a strong renter with people in your corner to help if things get tough will help you find a home.
So, don't let bad credit keep you down. Get out there and keep looking at properties. Schedule those virtual tours and keep talking with property managers to find the right fit.